Spectators of the human comedy, journalists are “historians of the present”, according to writer Albert Camus. Print media, television, radio, or Web, the job varieties have never been as broad, even if they cover very different realities. 

Variety of information supports

Today, 75% of journalists work in the generalist, specialized or professional print media:

12% work in television, 9% in radio, 6% in agency and 2 % on the Internet. Currently, 35,000 French journalists hold press cards, issued by the Commission de la carte d’identité des journalistes professionnels [Commission for Professional Journalist’s ID Card]. The uniting force: a shared interest for news and understanding it. They gather, verify and put the information into form and perspective. News anchors, local correspondents, political journalists, etc., there are many facets to this profession. 

Constraints and specific handling of information

Journalists work in print media, on radio, for television or on the Internet. Salaried employees or freelancers, working alone or in a team, they go in the field (reporters, video journalists) or are sedentary (desk journalists). This array of supports and conditions produce constraints and specific ways of handling information. The biggest constraint: time. Some journalists have just a few hours to present their subject, while others have many days.